- 3 Days - Loikaw
- Loikaw, the capital of Kayah state
- Country areas, ethnic Kayan and agriculture
- The beautiful virgin landscape
- The ethnic Padaung women encased brass rings on their neck
Loikaw is at south-west from Kalaw. To visit Loikaw, it is better to start from Kalaw in the morning so that several stops be made along the way. The capital Loikaw is situated 945 meter above sea level is surrounded by mountain ranges. Kayah national tribes such as Kayah, Kayaw, Kayan Padaung, Yinnbaw, Gaykhoe, Gaybar and ManuManaw have been residing together with Barmar, Shan, Pa-O and Inntha national races. On Loikaw Market days, there are bustling alive with buyers and dealers from the villages of its vicinity . Rocky protrusion Taung Kawe` Zedi is the most significant one. Myo Nan Zedi surrounded by Banyan and star-flower trees is sublime and glorious with the arts of Myanma handicrafts. Kayan Padaung nationals who are famous for their brass rings live in Pampet village situated 40 km west of Loikaw. Traditional culture of Kayah ethnic groups are displayed at Kayah Cultural Museum, where various kinds of frog-drums, gongs and bamboo flute, traditional costumes, utensils, paintings and sculpture of Kayah national races.
To get Loikaw is good starting from Kalaw( 1315 m above sea) .Although the road is not so smooth; there is very beautiful scenery with high mountains and colourful plantations of sesame, pepper and sunflowers through November to February. First visit to Myinmahti cave which has beautiful stalactites, Buddha Statues placed in olden days and has two exits. Pinlaung Town is at 1600 m above sea level; intended to build as summer resort in the future. Beyond Pinlaung, the mountain range gradually goes down to Phekon then it become flat until to Loikaw(945 m above sea). Overnight in Loikaw
Breakfast at the hotel. Sightseeing in and outside of Loikaw. Taung Gwe Zedi, the highlight of the town. Thittabin hill, the pivot natural viewing center. Central market is lively and swarming. More visit to Naung Yar lake and Kayah state miniature. Kayah museum will tell about people, culture and lifestyle. After lunch stretch out to Demoso township. Visit to Htipwint Lake and Ngwe Taung dam . Overnight in Loikaw.
Breakfast at the hotel. Transfer to Phekon where your boat trip starts to Inle lake( 960 m above sea) and get to Nyaung Shwe . The boat journey takes approximate 4:30 hrs. On the way visit at Samkar village remaining ruined Shan stupas. Overnight in Nyaung Shwe.
Pampet village tract is at 40 km west from Loikaw. This village tract comprises altogether seven villages set closed to each other. Some elderly Padaung women still keep their ritual belief encasing brass rings on their neck while some are not doing so.
A Padaung girl will don her first rings between the ages of 6 to 10. Each two more coils are added when she reaches adolescence and when she gets married. The maximum ring could be reached to 25 rings and total weight can be as heavy as 50 pounds. The brass coils do not lengthen the girls neck (as X-rays clearly show) but force her collar bones and ribs downward, creating only the illusion of an extended neck. They wear coils on their legs and arms too. The rings are cleaned with tamarind or lemon juice and are never removed, not even while sleeping. One theory was that the rings were worn to make the women unattractive to slave raiders, although the Padaung regarded the neck coils as signs of beauty. Another theory is the rings were like armour to protect the women against tigers and other wild animals. Some say the practice originated from the tribe’s creation myth. The Padaung believed they were descendants of a dragon impregnated by the wind, and it was thought that perhaps their long necks were a tribute to the dragon mother.